Enjoy Kaziranga, but help conserve it too
Post the monsoon break, the famed Kaziranga National Park in Assam, well-known as the home of large populations of the one-horn Indian rhino, is scheduled to reopen for tourists on 2nd October. The UNESCO world heritage site will reopen at 5am at Mihimukh in the Park’s Kohora Range. However, the Agoratoli Range renowned for its migratory birds and pelicans will continue to remain closed to visitors due to massive destruction caused there by recent floods.
The Kaziranga National Park is famous the world over for the endangered one-horn Great Indian Rhinoceros. It usually remains closed each year from May to September as the floods inundating the Park in the monsoons force the animals in this area to migrate to the nearby hills during this period.
World’s highest population of one-horn Indian rhinos
The world heritage park is home to two-thirds of the population of One-horned Rhinoceroses in the world. At one time, the Indian Rhinoceros could be found all across the Indo-Gangetic Plain stretching from Pakistan to the Myanmar border. Unfortunately, indiscriminate hunting of this majestic animal has greatly shrunk its natural habitat to just the Terai of Nepal, and parts of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Assam.
Strict protection however has helped increase the numbers of this endangered animal. According to the March 2015 census jointly carried out by the Forest Department of the Government of Assam and a few wildlife NGOs, the population of the Indian rhino in the Kaziranga National Park is 2,401. The Indian rhinoceros equals the African rhino in weight, weighing around 2260 kg and 3000 kg. But unlike the African rhino that has two horns, the Indian rhino has just one. The horn is around 25 cms long in most adult rhinos, but could be much longer, the longest length being recorded as 57.2 cms.
Kaziranga is also known to house the highest density of tigers among the protected regions in the world, and was declared as a Tiger Reserve in 2006. The park is also home to the big five – not just the one-horn Indian rhinos, but also elephants, wild water buffalos, tigers, and swamp deer. Having been established as a reserve forest in 1905, the park celebrated its centennial in 2005.
Be a responsible tourist. Observe the Park rules.
The Kaziranga National Park offers tourists the unique opportunity to enjoy spectacular views of wildlife including the endangered one-horn Indian rhinoceros in the wild. It also gives visitors opportunities to go on safari trips through the park either seated on elephants or in a jeep.
Do take advantage of this. But just remember to be a responsible tourist.
Observe the park rules strictly for your own safety and the good of the wildlife in the park. More details here: http://kaziranga.assam.gov.in/wp/park-entry-rules/
- Do not litter the park with rubbish, food wrappers, leftover food, plastic bags, etc.
- Observe silence or speak softly while on the safari. Refrain from creating a ruckus or blowing vehicle horns.
- Do not for any reason whatsoever get off the jeep while on the safari.
- Do not risk your life and disturb the wildlife just for the sake of clicking photographs and selfies.
- Help protect the natural habitat of wild animals. Conserve the beauty of the park for future generations.
Nearest airport: Rowraiah Airport, Jorhat, is 97 km away.
The LGBI Airport, Guwahati is 239 km away.
Road distances from nearby cities: Bokakhat – 21 km; Golaghat – 73 km; Jorhat – 89 km; Nagaon – 96 km; Guwahati – 219 km
Best season to visit: November to April
Directorate of Tourism, Govt. of Assam
Contact Numbers: +91 3776-268095 / +91 3776-268086
Assam Tourism Development Corporation
Phone: +91-361- 2633654